Thoughts of John

What is on my mind.

New Posts

If you are a follower of this blog. I thank you for your support. I wanted to let you know that I set up my own website for all future posts. You can find those posts at Again I want to thank you and hope that you will follow me to my new website.

October 2, 2014 Posted by | Bible, Bible Study, Biblical Interpretation, Christian, Christianity, God, Jesus, New Testament, Religon, Theology | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jesus at Capernaum: Luke 4:31-44

Summary: In this passage, we will look at Jesus’ home, His word, His identity, His authority, and His unyielding purpose. He was very aware of His purpose: “I must preach the kingdom of God.” Have we submitted to His message that reveals His identity and authority and purpose?

1. Begin at the end of the passage, Luke 4:43-44. Why did Jesus come?

John 5:30, 15:13, Matthew 20:28, 28:18-20, Luke 19:10, I John 3:16

2. A. What was Jesus’ home, or base of operation? Luke 4:31, Matthew 4:13, 9:1

B. Did Jesus consider Capernaum to be His “home?” Luke 9:58, John 13:3, 14:1-2

C. We say, “Home is where your heart is.” Where is your real home?

3. Quickly review where Jesus is coming from when He “came down to Capernaum.” Luke 4:16, 22, 28-30, Acts 7:52

4. A. What happened when He came to Capernaum? Luke 4:31-32, Mark 1:22

B. Who has real authority on earth and in heaven? Matthew 28:18

C. What will be the ultimate response to authority from all people? Isaiah 45:23, Romans 14:11, Philippians 2:10-11

5. A. How it this authority demonstrated in scripture? Luke 4:33-37, Mark 4:39

B. What is known by all creation, including Heaven, Hell, and demons? Luke 4:34, Romans 1:20, 8:19-22

C. Is knowing who Jesus is, His identity, the same as submitting to Him? Does your knowledge of Jesus Christ cause you to love and trust Him? James 2:18-20

6. A. Look at the next demonstration of Jesus’ authority. How is intercession defined in verse 38? Luke 4:38-39

B. What are we able to do, any time, any place? Philippians 4:6, Hebrews 4:14-16

C. Do you pray for others? Do you request prayer for others? I Thessalonians 5:25, II Thessalonians 3:1, Hebrews 13:18

7. A. What did Jesus do in verse 39 and how did Peter’s mother-in-law respond?

B. That evening, what did Jesus continue to do and who was involved? Luke 4:40-41

C. Stop and “be amazed at His teaching” and authority and “do not be unbelieving, but believing.” Matthew 7:28-29, John 5:36, 10:25

In summary, how serious is this, for you personally, us as a church body, and for us as a nation? Matthew 11:21-24

Jesus got away to a lonely place and when they found Him, He repeated His purpose. Do you get away to pray? Is your purpose the same as His? Is your home heaven? Is your heart where the Savior is? Have you marveled at His authority, His power, His word and His intention? Do you merely marvel or do you submit to His authority, power, word, and intention?

Luke 4:42-44, 5:16, 19:10, Hebrews 3:14-15, Acts 16:31, Matthew 28:18-20, Galatians 2:20

March 16, 2014 Posted by | Bible, Bible Study, Biblical Interpretation, blogging, Christian, Christianity, Church, God, Gospel of Luke, Holy Spirit, Jesus, Life, New Testament, Religon, Theology | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Book Review “How God Makes Men” by Patrick Morley

Morley, Patrick M. How God Makes Men: Ten Epic Stories, Ten Proven Principles, One Huge Promise for Your Life. First edition. Colorado Springs, Colorado: Multnomah Books, 2013. Paperback $14.99.

The author Patrick Morley has ten principles on How God Makes Men. The ten principles are drawn from ten of the Bibles men. The ten men that the author has chosen include Abraham, Joseph, Moses, Gideon, David, Solomon, Nehemiah, Job, Peter, and Paul. The whole premise of the book is that if a man will follow the ten stores in the book and allow them to mentor you. Then you will become the man God created you to be (13).

The ten principles that are listed include the following: (1) The principle that is learned from Abraham is that God makes men by showing us how we can believe Him anyway in the face of what seem like impossible circumstances (16). (2) The principle that is learned from Joseph is that God makes men by orchestrating even the toughest circumstances of our lives for a greater good (26). (3) The principle that is learned from Moses is that God makes men by taking us through a humbling process that fundamentally changes the way we think (38). (4) Gideon teaches that God makes men by turning our weakness into strength in such a striking way that only He can get the glory (51). (5) The principle that is learned from David is that God makes men by doing whatever it takes to correct and restore us when we go astray (60). (6) The principle that is learned from Solomon is that God makes men by making it impossible for us to find lasting happiness in any pursuit apart from Him (72). (7) Nehemiah teaches that God makes men by turning what breaks our hearts into a passionate calling to help redeem some broken part of His world (84). (8) Job teaches that God makes men by allowing us to gain through suffering what can be gained no other way (95). (9) The principle that we learn from Peter is that God makes men by a process of calling, equipping, and sending us so we can call, equip, and send others (106). (10) Paul teaches that God makes men by forging us into humble servants who are increasingly surrendered to the lordship of Jesus (120).

Morley goes on to explain in each chapter the story of that particular man that God has used. Then Morley takes the life of the individual along with the principle and applies it to the modern man. You cannot but help see how God changed the lives of the men in the stories as well as how God can use those stores to change the modern Christian man as well.

The biggest weakness of the book is the questions for thought. The questions are more for review than anything else. It would have been better had the questions been an expansion upon the thoughts of the particular chapter. The study questions would also have been better if a little more thought had been placed on them. Even though the questions are weak they are a good starting point. Over all the book is very well written, easy to read, and also the major points of the book are very well explained.

I would recommend the book for any men’s Bible Study. I would also recommended the book as a good book for devotions or even for use as a mentoring tool between a couple of men who want to meet together to grow in their walk with God. I learned a lot from reading the book and I be putting the principles learned into practice. I received this book for free from WaterBrook Multnomah Publishing Group for this review.

March 10, 2014 Posted by | Bible, Bible Study, Book Review, Christian, Christianity, Church, family, God, Holy Spirit, Life, marriage, Peter, Theology | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment



The Gog and Magog prophecies are found in Ezekiel 38 and 39. The nation Gog will form the largest army ever assembled to wage war against Israel with the intent of wiping them off the face of the earth. The war will not primarily be between Gog and Israel but it will be between Gog and God. The culmination of the ultimate battle along with the outcome is all centered on God’s absolute control of all the events of the great battle. The ultimate question to be answered is when the great battle will take place.

Historical-Cultural Context


After the death of King David his son Solomon became the king. The nation of Israel became a divided kingdom after the death of Solomon. The kingdom is divided between north and south. The northern kingdom is known as Israel and the southern kingdom is known as Judah. “The divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah had years of decline in every area of their national life. Moral and spiritual decadence reached its (climax) in the Northern Kingdom under the (kings) of Ahab and Jezebel (1 Kings 17:1-22:40).”[1]

God judged the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. at the hands of the Assyrians. There is still hope for the Southern Kingdom under the new king of Josiah. Before Josiah became king of the Southern Kingdom, the moral & spiritual corruption would exceed the Northern Kingdom. Josiah set in motion a spiritual renewal by eradicating paganism and idolatry, by returning the people to worshiping God and to restore the spiritual and moral life of the nation (2 Kings 23:1-30).[2] Finally, in 597 B.C. God’s judgment came upon the Southern Kingdom. The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar led the Israelites out of their country. Among the captives is Ezekiel (2 Kings 24:14-17).[3]

The Israelites during the time of Ezekiel’s prophecy has wondered so far away from God that they worshiped the gods of the cultures around them more than their own God. This in turn led to God’s judgment for their sin. Hundreds of years prior to Ezekiel’s prophecy God told the Israelites to eradicate all of the Canaanites that they came in contact with which they failed to do (Joshua 6:15-21). It is very important for the Israelites to be separate from the rest of the world and to maintain a holy lifestyle that God had setup. Deuteronomy 7:1-6 is such a great outline for the history of Israel:

“When the Lord your God brings you into the land that you are entering to take possession of it, and clears away many nations before you, the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations more numerous and mightier than you, and when the Lord your God gives them over to you, and you defeat them, then you must devote them to complete destruction. You shall make no covenant with them and show no mercy to them. You shall not intermarry with them, giving your daughters to their sons or taking their daughters for your sons, for they would turn away your sons from following me, to serve other gods. Then the anger of the Lord would be kindled against you, and he would destroy you quickly. But thus shall you deal with them: you shall break down their altars and dash in pieces their pillars and chop down their Asherim and burn their carved images with fire. ‘For you are a people holy to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.’”


“Ezekiel is a Zadokite priest of the Jerusalem temple, who was swept up in the deportation of leading citizens, including the young king Jehoiachin, to a settlement in Babylonia, after Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of the rebellious vassal state of Judah in 597 B.C.”[4] Ezekiel who is now in Babylonia is called by God to be a prophet to the exiled Israelites. Not only are the Israelites exiled but they have been moved into an unknown land far removed from their culturally and religious center.

Ezekiel is a very gifted and highly intelligent prophet. He has a priestly background that stresses the holiness and the echoing of priestly moral and cultic traditions. Ezekiel is a very well cultured prophet who was use to interacting with the upper class. The early years of his ministry is spent associating with the upper class. Because of his association with the upper class he is well schooled in silver smelting, shipbuilding, looking back at the paradise of the Promised Land, and his reference to Egypt as the chaos monster. His extensive use of verbal communication sometimes is lost on the audience. The audience is so lost that they asked Ezekiel to speak plainly.[5]

Ezekiel’s message is twofold, one about the judgment of God, and two about the salvation that God offered. The message about the judgment of God is expressed to the Israelites before the exile. Once the Israelites were exiled the message changed from one of judgment to one of salvation. The judgment is administered by the power and might of the Babylonian Empire. The exile of the Israelites challenged the belief that God is the one who is in ultimate control of all human events. At the time of the exile it seemed to the Israelites that Babylon is in control of history and not God. Human history for the Israelites is better understood if one “seriously take(s) into account the context of Israel, which witnessed the presence of the nations’ competing religions. The victory of a people were the victories of their god (or gods).Thus to Ezekiel the exile was not a political but a theological problem.”[6]

Genre and Structure of Ezekiel

The genre of Ezekiel is one of prophetic in nature. “The oracles in the book of Ezekiel are divided naturally on the basis of time and subject matter into four general parts: Ezekiel’s call to prophetic service (1:1-3:27); pronouncements of doom upon Israel/Judah (4:1-24:27); pronouncements of doom upon the nations (25:1-32:32); pronouncements of hope for Israel/Judah (33:1-48:35).”[7] The three divisions show a logical development by the author of the book. The three sections together form a structural and thematic unity.

Chapters 1-3 start out with the call of Ezekiel and a display of the glory of God. Chapters 4-7 are a display of God’s glory and without the display the judgment of God would be meaningless. Chapter 8-11 shows how Israel’s sin is the cause of God’s glory being removed from their presence and can only be restored through divine judgment. Chapters 12-19 is the announcement of God’s coming judgment. Chapters 20-24 Ezekiel prepares Israel for the discipline that God is going to enact. Chapters 1-24 all take place in the Promised Land before the Israelites are exiled into Babylon. Chapters 25-32 is a condemnation to the nations around Judah/Israel who enjoyed to see the destruction of Israel. God is also going to set up a time when those nations will also be judged for their sins. Chapters 33-39 is a series of message about the fall of Jerusalem and messages about the restoration of Israel to the Promised Land.[8] The book ends with chapters 40-48 and the return of God’s glory to the temple and to the Promised Land.

The oracles of Ezekiel 38 and 39 are like an eschatological literary cartoon strip. “The images portrayed become increasingly caricatured, reaching a climax in a bizarre picture of predatory birds and wild animals seated around a table gorging themselves on human flesh (39:17-20).”[9] As a person reads the oracles the divisions of the oracles become really clear. “While each of the divisions or sub-units has an identity and a character of its own, they are all thoroughly integrated to create a sequence of events whose total impact is much greater than the sum of its parts.”[10]

Where the oracle of Gog of Magog lies in the book of Ezekiel is important. In Ezekiel 1-24 there is the pronouncement of judgment for the sins that Israel has committed against God. Next is Ezekiel 25-32 that center around the judgment of the nations who surround Israel and delight in Israel’s downfall. “Then Ezekiel 33 records a turning point in the fortunes of God’s people when the news of Jerusalem’s fall came to the prophet. Now God’s wrath has been satisfied and there is a prospect of a new beginning. That new beginning is outlined in terms of a restoration of the leadership of the people (the shepherds, ch. 24), the land itself (ch. 35-36), and the people who indwell the land (ch. 36-37).”[11]

The oracles of Gog in Ezekiel chapters 38-39 is about the fate of Israel once they have been restored and returned to the Promised Land. “The purpose of the oracle against Gog becomes clear in 39:21-29; it is intended as a word of reassurance to Israel that the new order of existence promised in chapters 34-37 is not reversible. God will never again turn his face away from his people. Though trials of all kinds, even the worst imaginable kind, may and will come, they will do so only under God’s good and sovereign hand.”[12]

Exegetical Analysis

Exegesis of Ezekiel 38

Gog from the land of Magog, is one of the greatest enemies of the Israelites. The enemy appears at the end of the Israelite historical process and has been bewildering scholars for centuries. Ezekiel is singling out an unrepentant nation whom God will place his judgment upon.[13] Ezekiel 38 is divided into five sections. Verse 2-9 is about the gathering of a giant army that will do battle against the Israelites. Verse 10-13 is about an explanation for the motives of Gog. Verse 14-16 is the great army of Gog that attacks the Israelites. Verse 17-22 is God’s judgment upon Gog. Verse 23 is the conclusion of the great battle between Gog and the Israelites.

In verse 2 the name Gog is derived from the Greek name of Gyges a king of Lydia in Asia Minor. The name of Magog came from Genesis 10:2 where Magog is the second son of Japheth.[14] Japheth is the son of Noah. Gog is also a name for an “unidentified ruler whose name is from a Sumerian loan word gug, which means ‘darkness’”[15] The oracle of Gog has been applied to more current events than any other passage in the Old Testament. The church father Ambrose referred to God as the Goths in the late fourth century. Gog of the seventh century became the Arabs. Then in the thirteenth century Gog became the Mongols. By the seventeenth century Gog is the Roman emperor, the Pope, or the Turks. The nineteenth century the people of Gog became the Russians. Finally with the rise in Communism and the large nation of China, Gog has been purported to be the large army of China. It seems throughout world history Gog has become whatever movement or country is threating world peace.[16]

The best interpretation for Gog is a symbol for Babylon. Since Ezekiel is writing to an audience who has been taken over by the great power. The interpretation is also extended as an eschatological one as well. Babylon is being a representation of the world powers who are against God in the end times. Ezekiel is concerned about the destruction of Babylon because without its destruction then the messianic restoration of Israel cannot happen. “If Gog is a symbol of the forces of Antichrist foreseen by Ezekiel. If the word Gog is from the Sumerian gug, that would be additional support for treating him as a symbol of ‘the prince of this world’ (John 12:31), an appropriate designation that fits the character of the ruler of end-time Babylon.”[17]

In verses 10-16 Gog has gathered all of his forces from the far corners of the world and is heading to Israel to do battle. The battle will be the biggest battle of all times. Gog and his army are going to descend on a nation living in peace. The Israelites are living as a restored nation under the covenant relationship that they have with God. God is in absolute control of the great army that Gog has put together to do battle against the Israelites. “Once the unholy alliance has been prepared by God, he will summon them against his restored people at a time of his own choosing.”[18]  Even though Gog has a massive army to attack Israel it did not matter. An attack against God’s chosen nation Israel is an attack against God himself. “Gog has fundamentally misread the match-up. It is not a matter, as he supposes, of his vast and well-equipped army ranged against a defenseless nation. The relationship between God, his people, and the land has been restored and such an assault will not go unchallenged.”[19] In this great battle of all times God is allowing Gog to come against Israel for one reason only and that is to show the world his greatness and holiness. Not only will God show his holiness but the battle will show the world that God is in full control of all of history through his sovereignty.

Verses 17-23 is the ending of the great battle. Gog’s military destination is to the land of Israel. Gog will be the recipient of God’s judgment that will cause cataclysmic destruction against the people of Gog both in the battle and in Gog’s homeland. The only victims of this great battle are Gog and his forces. God used the forces of nature through earthquakes, plagues, torrential rains, hailstones, fire and self-destruction to bring about the judgment upon Gog and his army.[20] “So I will show my greatness and my holiness and make myself known in the eyes of many nations. Then they will know that I am the Lord” (Ezekiel 38:23). The purpose of the great destruction by nature is to show the glory of God and his judgment upon the nations who want to destroy the Israelites.

Exegesis of Ezekiel 39

The battle that begins in Ezekiel 38 is now drawn to its conclusion in Ezekiel 39. Verses 1-8 is the total destruction of Gog. Verses 9-10 is about the spoilage from the great battle. Verses 11-16 Gog is given a place for Israel to bury the dead. Verses 17-20 are instructions for the beasts of the earth to devour the dead bodies of Gog. Verses 21-29 is the return of the glory of God to a fully restored Israelite nation.

Verses 1-8 is how God is going to destroy Gog. God did totally disarm the army of Gog. The disarmed Gog never fought against the Israelites. Instead God destroyed the army of Gog and spread the bodies all over the mountains and fields of the land of Israel. No nation would ever come against Israel again. Not only did God destroy the army of Gog in the land of Israel but he destroyed the homeland of Gog being Magog. “God would use Gog’s defeat as a demonstration to the nations that he, the Holy One of Israel, is the only true God. He would not permit his holy name to be profaned again through the conquest and dispersion of Israel. Israel in turn would make the Lord’s name holy in her midst.[21]

In this great battle of all battles Israel did not show up until verses 9-20 when the battle was over. Israel is now showing up to take part to plunder the nation that came to plunder them. There is so much plunder collected that the wood is used as fuel for the Israelites for seven years (verse 9). Following the collection of the plunder the beasts of the earth come to devour the dead and leave the clean bones. It took seven months to bury the bones of the dead. “The dominant concern of the burial of the remains is the cleanness of the land. The decontamination would be a fitting and necessary corollary to God’s triumph and so bring credit to its executors. It underscores from a cultic perspective the vindication of Yahweh.”[22]

Verses 17-20 is about Gog and his infamous hordes that have been slain and the Land is full of the dead bodies. The Promised Land now needs to be made holy again. The land is purified, through the grossest of defilements. Not only were the invaders buried but the bodies and blood became a feast for the birds and the beasts. The Temple is once again prepared for the return of God’s glory. The world was just turned upside down by the great battle.[23]

After Israel repents of their sin and experience the discipline of God for their sin then the Israelites could be restored to the Promised Land. Verses 21-29 are about the full restoration of Israel to the Promised Land. In order for Israel to be restored to the Promised Land there are two conditions that Israel must be fulfill and are found in Deuteronomy 30:2. “(1) They must return to the Lord. (2) They must give heed to his voice with all their heart and soul.”[24]

Once Israel is restored to the Promised Land God would give both promises and blessings and these can also be found in Deuteronomy 30:3-6. “(1) The Lord will restore their fortunes (v. 3). (2) He will have compassion on them (v. 3). He will gather them again from all the peoples where he had scattered them (v.3). (4) He will bring them into the land (v. 5). (5) They shall possess the land (v. 5). (6) He will prosper them (v. 5). (7) He will multiply them (v. 5). (8) He will circumcise their hearts so that they will love him (v. 6).”[25]

Fulfillment of Ezekiel in Revelations

The biggest question about the great battle between God and Gog, is when the battle will take place. There have been three possible times for the battle, pre-tribulation, mid-tribulation, and post-tribulation. The proponents that are for the pre-tribulation believe that Israel’s secure dwelling that is mentioned in Ezekiel 38-39 could only occur at the beginning of the Tribulation. The complete restoration of Israel in Ezekiel is messianic and occurring at the end times. In Ezekiel 39:7, 22 God states his name will no longer be profaned which could not have occurred before the Tribulation. The fact that throughout Ezekiel 38-39 God states that the nations will know my name and recognize his sovereignty would fit best after the second coming then before the Tribulation. As a person has studied this position it is easy to come to the conclusion that this would not be a good fit for the events of Ezekiel 38-39.[26]

The proponents of the mid-tribulation argue that Gog’s invasion is an extension of the invasion from the north mentioned in Daniel 11:40-41. The events of Daniel 11:40-41 is the breaking of the Antichrist’s covenant with Israel in the middle of the Tribulation. Thus Israel is living in the Promised Land with a false security of relative peace through the covenant that was made with the Antichrist. In turn when Gog invades and attempts to destroy the Israelites it would cause them to turn to God. The turning to God and knowing God is a fulfillment of a prophecy made in Revelation that many will be saved during the time of the Tribulation. There have been six observations on whether the fulfillment of Ezekiel 38-39 is mid-tribulation or not. (1) There is no specific biblical text that matches Gog with the king of the north found in Daniel 11:40-41. (2) The use of false security as a concept would not match up with the whole purpose of the Tribulation. (3) The fact that Israel purifies the Promised Land by burning the weapons and burying the dead would seem impossible during the time that God was at the height of his final judgment. (4) Ezekiel 38:8, 16 declares that Israel has been restored from the sword into messianic blessing; yet this would not match up with the tribulation period. (5) There is no doubt in reading Ezekiel 38-39 that God is the one who destroys and not the Antichrist. (6) The fact that the Lord’s name will no longer be profaned again does not fit with the mid-tribulation view. Again based upon the Biblical evidence it would be unlikely that the events of Ezekiel 38-39 occur during the mid-tribulation time period.[27]

The proponents of the post-tribulation argue that Gog is the army that have been described in Zechariah 12 and 14:1-14 and have come to do battle against the Messiah. Also the battle would occur at the end of the Tribulation, prior to the judgment that is described in Matthew 25, and prior to the Millennium. The majority of scholars that hold this view believe that the battle will occur after the Millennium that is described in Revelation 20:7-10. The strong argument for this position is the explicit reference to Gog and Magog in Revelation 20:8. This would sure fit Ezekiel 38-39 very well. The Millennium would definitely provide the time for Israel to live in peace, have a safe dwelling place, and have time to burn the weapons and bury the dead. There have also been three observations in regards to this view as being the fulfillment of Ezekiel 38-39. (1) The Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 is an assimilation of armies from the four points of the earth verses the army that is assembled in Revelation from the four corners of the earth. The assimilation of the armies is very similar in both books. (2) It is maintained that Ezekiel says nothing of Jerusalem whereas John states that the nations encompassed the beloved city. It should be noted that Ezekiel mentions that Gog will attack the mountains of Israel which would most likely include Jerusalem. (3) It is believed that the burning of the weapons and burying of the bodies would fit with the Millennium time period.[28]

It would seem then that the events of Ezekiel 38-39 are a fulfillment of Revelation 19:17-21 and 20:7-10. The connection between the events of Ezekiel 38-39 and Revelation 19:17-21 and 20:7-10 lies on the singular concept of God’s defeat of the great attempt of the Evil One to once again possess the land of Israel. The Evil One or Satan is the last and greatest enemy of Israel. John in Revelation only summarizes what is stated in Ezekiel. John mentions Gog in Revelation 20 so that the reader would make the connection between Satan of Revelation and Gog in Ezekiel 38-39. Satan’s whole premise is to possess the land of Israel in order to nullify God’s promise. However, God in both Ezekiel and Revelation has fully demonstrated himself as the immutable God who faithfully protects Israel in accord with his word.[29]


The great battle of Gog from Magog against the Israelites takes place post-tribulation. Through this great battle the glory of God will be shown to all nations that he is in control of all things past, present, and future. The name Gog being synonymous with the name of Satan as revealed in the book of Revelation will not win the battle. After the battle God’s glory will once again return to the Promised Land and return to the Temple.


Alexander, Ralph H. Isaiah-Ezekiel. Volume 6. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Edited by Frank E Gaebelein. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1986.

Allen, Leslie C. Word Biblical Commentary. Vol. 29. Ezekiel 20-48. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books, 1990.

Block, Daniel Isaac. Ezekiel 1-24. Edited by Robert L Hubbard Jr. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997.

Block, Daniel Isaac. Ezekiel 25-48. Edited by Robert L Hubbard Jr. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998.

Block, Daniel I. “Gog in Prophetic Tradition: A New Look at Ezekiel XXXVIII 17.” Vetus Testamentum 42, no. 2 (1992): 154–172.

Cooper, Lamar Eugene. The New American Commentary. Vol. 17. Ezekiel. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994.

Delitzsch, Franz, and Carl Friedrich Keil. Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament. Vol. 9. Ezekiel and Daniel. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson Publishers, 1996.

Duguid, Iain M. The NIV Application Commentary: Ezekiel. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1999. Kindle.

Luc, Alex. “A Theology of Ezekiel: God’s Name and Israel’s History.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 26, no. 2 (June 1983): 137–143.

Railton, Nicholas M. “Gog and Magog: The History of a Symbol.” Evangelical Quarterly 75, no. 1 (January 2003): 23–43.

Tanner, J. Paul. “Rethinking Ezekiel’s Invasion by Gog.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 39 (1996): 29–46.

[1] Lamar Eugene Cooper, The New American Commentary: Ezekiel, vol. 17, The New American commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994), 325, Kindle.

[2] Ibid., 325.

[3] Ibid., 355.

[4] Leslie C Allen, Ezekiel 20-48, vol. 29, Word Biblical Commentary (Dallas, TX.: Word Books, 1990), xx.

[5] Ibid., xx-xxi.

[6] Alex Luc, “A Theology of Ezekiel: God’s Name and Israel’s History,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 26, no. 2 (June 1983): 137-143.

[7] Daniel Isaac Block, Ezekiel 1-24, ed. Robert L Hubbard Jr,, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament, (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997), 17.

[8] Ralph H. Alexander, The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Volume 6 Isaiah-Ezekiel, ed. Frank E Gaebelein, (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986), 744.

[9] Daniel I. Block, “Gog in Prophetic Tradition: A New Look at Ezekiel XXXVIII 17,” Vetus Testamentum 42, no. 2 (1992): 154-172.

[10] Ibid., 156.

[11] Iain M. Duguid, The NIV Application Commentary: Ezekiel, (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1999)., 411, Kindle.

[12] Ibid., 411.

[13] Nicholas M. Railton, “Gog and Magog: The History of a Symbol,” Evangelical Quarterly 75, no. 1 (January 2003): 23-43.

[14] Daniel Isaac Block, Ezekiel 25-48, ed. Robert L Hubbard Jr, New International Commentary on the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997), 433.

[15] Cooper, 8953.

[16] Duguid, 408.

[17] Cooper, 8986.

[18] Duguid, 404.

[19] Ibid., 406.

[20] Allen, 207.

[21] Alexander, 935.

[22] Allen, 208.

[23] Robert Alter and Frank Kermode, eds., The Literary Guide to the Bible (Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1987), 203.

[24] J. Paul Tanner, “Rethinking Ezekiel’s Invasion by Gog,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 39 (1996): 29-46.

[25] Ibid., 37.

[26] Alexander, 938-939.

[27] Ibid., 939.

[28] Ibid., 939-940.

[29] Ibid., 940.

March 9, 2014 Posted by | Bible, Bible Study, Biblical Interpretation, blogging, Christian, Christianity, Church, culture, Ezekiel, God, Holy Spirit, Jesus, Life, Old Testament, Religon, Theology, Uncategorized | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cerebral-Palsy and School

My son N has mild CP and is very communicative. However the school district wants to put him in a class room with non communicating children. And the only reason that I have been give is because he is confined to a wheel chair. Whatever happen to giving a child a fair chance to be successful at life.

August 26, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , | Leave a comment


Six married men will be dropped on an island with one car and 3 kids each for six weeks.

Each kid will play two sports and either take music or dance classes. There is no fast food. Each man must take care of his 3 kids; keep his assigned house clean, correct all homework, and complete science projects, cook, do laundry, and pay a list of ‘pretend’ bills with not enough money. In addition, each man will have to budget in money for groceries each week.

Each man must remember the birthdays of all their friends and relatives, and send cards out on time–no emailing. Each man must also Take each child to a doctor’s appointment, a dentist appointment and a haircut appointment. He must make one unscheduled and inconvenient visit per child to the Urgent Care. He must also make cookies or cupcakes for a social function.

Each man will be responsible for decorating his own assigned house, planting flowers outside and keeping it presentable at all times. The men will only have access to television when the kids are asleep and all chores are done.

The men must shave their legs, wear makeup daily, adorn himself with jewelery, wear uncomfortable yet stylish shoes, keep fingernails polished and eyebrows groomed. During one of the six weeks, the men will have to endure severe abdominal cramps, back aches, and have extreme, unexplained mood swings but never once complain or slow down from other duties.

They must attend weekly school meetings, church, and find time at least once to spend the afternoon at the park or a similar setting. They will need to read a book to the kids each night and in the morning, feed them, dress them, brush their teeth and comb their hair by 7:00 am.

A test will be given at the end of the six weeks, and each father will be required to know all of the following information: each child’s birthday, height, weight, shoe size, clothes size and doctor’s name. Also the child’s weight at birth, length, time of birth, and length of labor, each child’s favorite color, middle name, favorite snack, favorite song, favorite drink, favorite toy, biggest fear and what they want to be when they grow up.

The kids vote them off the island based on performance. The last man wins only if…he still has enough energy to be intimate with his spouse at a moment’s notice. If the last man does win, he can play the game over and over and over again for the next 18-25 years eventually earning the right to be called Mother!

September 29, 2008 Posted by | culture | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Who is in charge of your life?

Everybody serves somebody. Everybody has somebody in charge of his life. I’m not sure that Bob Dylan got a lot of things right, but he was on target when he wrote the song “Gotta Serve Somebody.”

Some people choose an esteemed person to serve. It may be a professor, politician, or television personality. Problem is, look closely enough and you will see all of that person’s imperfections.

Some people serve a close relationship as their ultimate authority. “I just do what my wife wants.” Or, “Unless my son is happy, I can’t be either.” Psychologist call this codependency, when you’re so wired into another person that your life goes sideways if he gets off track.

Some people decide to serve a mission, a value, or an organization. We feed the poor, we save the trees…

Some people serve a personal agenda. I’ll get this degree, I will reach this milestone, I’ll break this record…

Most people serve themselves. Most people live by the philosophy at the end of the day. I’ll do what works for me. I’m the one in charge here.

Far truer than people are willing to admit, you choose who you serve. Your life can be different; your choice in who you serve is withing your grasp. As much as someone might love you, no one can choose for you. There are simply some crucial decisions you have to make for yourself. The ball is in your court. Joshua was right when he challenged Israel, “Choose this day whom you will serve.”

July 21, 2008 Posted by | Christian, Christianity, culture, Theology, Uncategorized | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment


%d bloggers like this: